Diabetes type 2 symptoms can be determined by your GP who can carry out a blood test to check the level of glucose.
But recognising the signs of the condition yourself can speed up this process and get you the appropriate treatment you need before complications can occur.
Symptoms of this type of diabetes include going to the toilet (to wee) more often than usual and feeling constantly thirsty.
But another sign of the condition many people may not be aware of is regularly getting genito-urinary infections, such as thrush, or urinary tract infections such as cystitis, according to Bupa.
Other symptoms include feeling extremely tired and having blurred vision.
The signs may come on slowly, or may not show at all, so it can be up to 10 years before you find out you have it.
So it’s important to know the risk factors for diabetes type 2 so you can do something about it.
The first risk factor is age, according to Diabetes UK. You risk increases with age.
It says: “You’re more at risk if you’re white and over 40 or over 25 if you’re African-Caribbean, Black African, or South Asian.”
You’re also at increased risk if people in your family have it.
It says: “You’re two to six times more likely to get type 2 diabetes if you have a parent, brother, sister or child with diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes is to to four times more likely in people of South Asian decent and African-Caribbean or Black African descent.
High blood pressure
You’re more at risk if you’ve ever had high blood pressure.
You’re more at risk of type 2 diabetes if you’re overweight, especially if you’re large around the middle.
One of the best ways to prevent the condition developing is making simple lifestyle changes to your diet. For those who are diagnosed with diabetes type 2 this can also help control your blood sugar levels.
Alcohol isn’t a risk factor for this type of diabetes, but it can contain a lot of calories which can lead to putting on weight – this can increase the risk of the condition developing.
Certain types of alcoholic drink can cause blood sugar to spike more than others.
To control your blood sugar level, and to prevent the condition from developing in the first place, it’s advised people with diabetes type 2 make changes to their diet. Eating a healthy, balanced diet is key.
Carbohydrates are needed for energy, but it’s important to monitor how much you eat, especially if you have diabetes.
Bread is a staple carb, but with so many different types available, which one is best if you have the condition?
Diabetes UK explains what you should do when it comes to choosing what carbohydrates to eat.
It states: “Choosing wholegrain options makes sense. They are high in fire, keep you feeling fuller for longer than refined carbohydrates and take longer for the body to break down so blood glucose levels do not ‘spike’ then drop rapidly.”