Vascular dementia symptoms are triggered when blood flow to the brain is reduced.
It is one of several types of dementia which are all linked to a decline in brain function.
There are an estimated 850,000 sufferers in the UK, according to Alzheimer’s Research UK, or one in 79 of the whole population.
“Dementia is the name for problems with mental abilities caused by gradual changes and damage in the brain,” said the NHS online. “It’s rare in people under 65.”
Watch out for these five symptoms of vascular dementia, described by the NHS.
“Slowness of thought”, such as taking more time to complete activities, is a warning sign of vascular dementia.
“Problems with planning or organising, making decisions or solving problems is a sign,” added charity Alzheimer’s Research UK.
“Memory loss is common in the early stages of Alzheimer’s, but is not usually the main early symptom of vascular dementia.”
“Feeling disorientated and confused” could be a warning sign for the condition.
Alzheimer’s Research UK said “difficulty walking or changes in the way a person walks” could also indicate the condition.
Problems with language
This symptom is not as common as in people with Alzheimer’s disease but can still occur.
“Problems with memory and language” could also be a symptom said the NHS.
“Frequent urge to urinate or other bladder symptoms” may also be a symptom of the condition said Alzheimer’s Research UK.
“This can be common in older age, but can be a feature of vascular dementia when seen with other symptoms.”
The NHS said “loss of bladder control” happens in the later stages of the condition.
“People may become low in mood, more emotional or lose interest in what’s happening in around them,” if they have the condition, explained Alzheimer’s Research UK.
The NHS also said mood and behavioural changes could be a sign.
You should see a GP if you think you have the early symptoms of dementia, said the NHS.
While there’s no cure for the condition, early treatment could help to slow down it’s progress.
The condition usually gets worse over time.